Gentle, caring, holistic treatment, support and advice, guided by one of the world’s oldest and best integrated systems of healing, and motivated by compassion and love.
I offer holistic treatment, with traditional acupuncture, supported by Chinese massage and mobilisation therapy (tuina), Chinese herbal medicine and subtle techniques such as qigong. I combine these in a smoothly integrated treatment. I also teach specific exercises, advise on training regimes and diet; teach stress management techniques, and combine deeply relaxing acupuncture with guided meditation.
How can I help you?
My aims as a practitioner are to relieve your suffering, to eradicate its cause, to support your recovery and to teach you how to take control of your own health and well being – bodily, emotionally and spiritually.
I will treat you by selecting from a wide variety of subtle methods to rebalance your energy, combining techniques to suit you, as a person, as well as addressing the condition that is causing your suffering. My treatments are guided by an ancient system of precise diagnosis, also considering modern anatomical and biomechanical diagnosis where appropriate, supported by over 25 years of clinical experience.
The methods I use
Your experience of acupuncture can vary, depending on the practitioner’s approach. You can learn more about how I work by clicking the more info icons below, and then return to the top as you like.
Traditional acupuncture – drawn from both Chinese and Japanese traditions;
------------------------------ More info: the kinds of acupuncture I do
-------------------------------------- More info: Japanese acupuncture
Chinese massage and mobilisation therapy (Tuina); --- more info
Chinese herbal medicine; ----------------------------------- more info
Self-help guidance, including advice on specific exercises, training regimes and diet, and stress managementtechniques;
Guided meditation, which I often combine with deeply relaxing acupuncture.
Qigong (Chinese energy work); --------------------------------------- more info
Cupping (suction cups), Herbal liniments, plasters, etc………..more info
How long will it take?
Sessions usually take 60 minutes but can take a little longer.
If you need to be out in less time, that is no problem; however, you should tell the receptionist when you book in, and also tell me.
What can you do? What should you bring?
It is a good idea to turn up 10 minutes early, so you can relax into the space before we start. This lets your pulse settle for traditional pulse diagnosis and lets you enjoy the treatment more (yes, acupuncture is enjoyable) and get more out of it.
If you have the reports of any medical investigations you have had – such as x-ray, MRI or CT scans or blood tests – bring these along. If you take any medications, either bring a list or make sure you know what they are all called.
If you really want to be helpful – and it is feasible – don’t wear any makeup or perfume and don’t brush your tongue before you come. If this is not convenient, don’t worry about it.
What will happen at the first consultation?
The first time you come, I will take time to gather the information I need to establish the correct diagnosis
of your condition in terms of Traditional Chinese Medicine. This is essential, as correct treatment with acupuncture or Chinese herbal medicine cannot be prescribed on the basis of a modern medical diagnosis alone. Medical diagnosis can be helpful, but we still need more information that is directly relevant to acupuncture or herbal medicine.
Then I can proceed with getting you better. We begin treatment already at the first session, almost always.
If you are in a lot of pain when you first come, treatment will usually start very quickly after your arrival.
We’ll worry about fine tuning diagnosis later. The immediate cause of pain can usually be clarified quickly.
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What will the treatment be like?
In general, once I have arrived at my diagnosis on the first visit, I will review this briefly at each subsequent appointment, get an update on what has improved or changed, and then get straight on with treatment. This treatment will depend on many factors. Most of my clients receive some Chinese massage treatment, then acupuncture, or the other way around. Usually, there is a period during which you are left alone to relax with the needles in place. People often fall asleep during this phase of treatment. This is not always how I work, however. I may spend a long time in specific mobilisation and soft tissue massage techniques, or showing you exercises. The style of acupuncture, massage and other support treatments varies according to your needs. You can get an idea by following the “more info” links in the general information lists below.
What conditions do I work on?
I work regularly with both acute (i.e. recent onset) and chronic (long-term) health problems, across a broad spectrum of illness and injury – including women’s health, musculoskeletal pain, allergic conditions, stress, digestive problems and so on. (Examples below.)
I also offer preventative treatments, aimed at promotion of well being and resistance to disease.
Many clients like to come every month or so, just for a “check up” and preventative treatment to keep them feeling good. Others come at the change of seasons to get their bodies “tuned” to the new season. (This is an ancient tradition in China.)
Specialist in muscular and skeletal problems:
My particular speciality is the combination of acupuncture with specific soft tissue manipulation techniques (tuina), which enhance results in muscular and skeletal conditions. Thus, I have particular experience in the area of musculoskeletal health care, including rehabilitation after injury or surgery.
In recent years, I have been in charge of teaching the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in the Master of Acupuncture and Master of Chinese Medicine degree programmes at the University of Western Sydney.
Of course I also have long experience in treating all else that we acupuncturists treat.
Below is a list of some of the more common conditions with which I and other TCM practitioners frequently work, however, of course there are many others. What we can achieve naturally varies from one condition to another and from one case to another. It may be a complete resolution of the problem, or it may be an improvement in the condition, or it may be an enhancement of your management of your problem. It depends on the nature of your illness and on your body’s resources.
To find out how I can help you, just ring the clinic and ask. The best way is to make an appointment so you can discuss your questions with me fully.
Examples of conditions with which I frequently work
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Joint pain – including arthritis and injuries
Rehabilitation after surgery or injury
Shoulder pain, including impingement syndrome, Frozen Shoulder, tears of the supraspinatus tendon, tendinitis etc
Sprains and strains
-------------------------------------------------------More info – musculoskeletal pain
Colds and flu
Lymph oedema and sluggish lymph circulation
Sluggish peripheral circulation
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Allergies –especially hay fever and sinusitis
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Frequent colds or unwellness
Insomnia ------------------------------------------------------------------ More info
Tension headaches and sore shoulders
------------------------------------------------------------------------------- More info on stress, anxiety, depression and panic attacks
Abdominal pain from various causes
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) ----------------------------------- More info
Nausea and vomiting
Excessive menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia)
Menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes
Period pain (dysmenorrhoea)
Spotting between periods (metrorrhagia)
Breech birth correction
Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (“Morning Sickness”)
Preparation for birth
Support throughout pregnancy
Male and female fertility
IVF support with acupuncture
Paralysis and loss of speech after a stroke
Ticque douleureux (trigeminal neuralgia)
Vertigo -------------------------------------------------------------------- More info
About the acupuncture I do
I practise traditional acupuncture – that is, I base my treatments on the diagnostic system that evolved together with the treatments I offer, and I draw on a wide variety of ancient techniques (and a few modern ones), each with different effects, so that I can find the best way to meet your needs.
Acupuncture is a widely varying art of healing that has evolved over more than 2000 years, leaving us a legacy of many different techniques from which to choose. Many modern practitioners utilise only a small range of these techniques, either because they find the variety too difficult, or because they just don’t know about alternatives to the methods taught in beginners’ courses. Some also try to practice with only a minimum of training in the traditional theories with which acupuncture evolved. This wide variety of techniques, however, is important if one is to find the treatment that can work for each individual; and we must know the supporting theory well, to understand which to select.
The techniques I use are drawn from both Chinese and Japanese sources and include some exquisitely gentle techniques of surface stimulation that have been preserved, mostly only in Japan, from the earliest period of acupuncture history, as well as the deep needling of trigger points in muscles and the more usual Chinese techniques.
More to it than where I put the needle
You see, the real art of acupuncture starts with what we do with the needle, not just where we put it. How we insert it counts; how we withdraw it makes a difference; how deeply we take the tip (sometimes it must be deep enough; sometimes it must be shallow enough), and what we do with it whilst it is in can also be critical to achieving the best affect. Sometimes it is important to leave the needles alone; for other purposes, it is important to move them exactly the right way. Even the way I hold the needle and how I mentally direct the qi can be really important.
There are techniques for summoning Qi to areas where it is deficient; other techniques for dispersing Qi where it has accumulated too much; some for releasing myofascial trigger points; some suited to tendon inflammation; some for cold in the tissues, some for heat; techniques to clear fever; techniques to promote or stop perspiration; some used to invigorate the blood circulation, and so on. A major part of the art of acupuncture is the skill to recognise what type of stimulation and how much of it is appropriate in each case.
I only rarely use the modern technique of running an electric current through a pair of needles, because I consider it most often a poor substitute for good manual needle technique. There are, however, a few situations in which it is genuinely helpful, so I sometimes do use it. I occasionally also use the modern method of scalp acupuncture, which many practitioners find helpful in neurological conditions, such as paralysis from a stroke (CVA).
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Japanese Meridian Therapy
Terrified of needles? Meridian therapy may be your answer.
There are several distinct traditions and schools of acupuncture practised in Japan. The system I have studied is taught by Master Masakazu Ikeda and is his branch of a method called Meridian Therapy (Keiraku Chiryo). Meridian Therapy is a system of acupuncture and moxibustion that was developed in Japan in the 1930s by acupuncturists who wanted to preserve the most ancient parts of the tradition, in the face of an alarming trend toward trying to base acupuncture on modern Western medical diagnosis (which doesn’t work).It is called ‘meridian therapy” because it emphasises re-establishing the flow along the energy channels (or meridians) over the actions of individual points. (The more usual approach in China puts more importance on the specific actions of individual points; Meridian Therapy emphasises the channels instead.)
This system applies 2000 year-old techniques with incredibly fine needles, mostly at only skin depth, or down to about 3mm. The finest needles I use when I use this method are only 0.12mm in diameter! You feel hardly anything with this method, yet good results can still be achieved with appropriate skill. This is my answer to those who are nervous about having acupuncture. These so-called needles are thinner than your hair.
I have made a study of when this method gets the best results for my clients and when stronger stimulation works better; so, if I feel you need stronger work, I will treat you appropriately, or at least recommend it.
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Tuina (Chinese Massage Therapy)
Traditional Chinese massage and mobilisation therapy (known as Tuina) was my fist specialisation in Chinese medicine and now supports what I do with acupuncture. I am highly skilled at this branch of Chinese medicine, having trained in it for four years under a master of the famous Chinese martial art, Shaolin Quan. Because of this unusual training, I practise it a little differently from many other practitioners. Moreover, I have expanded my range of subtle techniques for joint mobilisation by absorbing many influences from osteopathy, due to my long association with osteopaths in the clinics in which I work. I do not use high velocity thrust adjustments (clicking your spine).
What is tuina?
Tuina (which is pronounced, “tway-nah”) is more than just an oriental style of massage. It is a complete and coherent therapeutic system, one of the three pillars of Traditional Chinese Medicine (the other two being acupuncture and herbal medicine). In the health care of old China, tuina took the place that physiotherapy holds in the modern western system; however, it can also be used in the treatment of internal diseases.
Its methods include a broad range of massage and mobilisation techniques, “acupressure” (pressure and holding of acupuncture points), assisted movements and stretches. It is different from the Japanese system, shiatsu, which generally only uses pressure and stretches, and from western massage, which does not include the knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine and acupuncture points. Its full name is “Zhongyi Tuina” (pronounced like “joong-yee tway-nah”), meaning, “Chinese Medical Massage”.
Where western massage is based on knowledge of your musculoskeletal system, Zhongyi Tuina combines this knowledge with the same theory of energy conduits, or “meridians” and points that acupuncture uses, as well as the same diagnostic system. The practitioner aims to untie the “knots” that bind you up, to relax the muscles, loosen the joints, invigorate the movement of body fluids and generally unblock the pathways through your body, to allow the free flow of Qi, blood and body fluids, thus restoring balance to the whole body.
Thus, Tuina can be used to stimulate your body’s healing of “internal” and systemic conditions as well as muscular ones. The practitioner diagnoses the energetic imbalance, as an acupuncturist does, and treats the acupuncture points, as well as the channels of Qi themselves, especially those connected with the spine, and, sometimes, the abdomen. Tuina practitioners often prescribe corrective exercises as well.
In my practice, I use tuina as an adjunct to acupuncture, in a combined therapy that can yield better results than either method in isolation.
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Chinese Herbal Medicine
I practise the traditional Chinese form of herbal medicine in conjunction with acupuncture; however, it is also OK to book in specifically for an herbal consultation. The fee charged is the same as for acupuncture.
I dispense the herbs in the form of powdered extracts mixed in formulas individually tailored to each client’s exact needs. This has two advantages over the traditional method of boiling the crude, dried herbs: quality control and convenience. The brand used has been chosen for the reliability of its quality control and absence of toxic pollutants. The herbs can be easily dissolved in warm water. There is no need to boil them. This method is convenient and quick but retains the main advantage of traditional Chinese herbalism: the prescription exactly fits what is happening in your particular body at the time of diagnosis.
What is Chinese herbal medicine?
Chinese Herbal Medicine is part of an integrated system of health care known as Traditional Chinese Medicine, which has a history of development of thousands of years in China and other parts of East Asia. It is one of the oldest health care systems in the world.
Clinical and laboratory research adds to the vast body of knowledge available, making it possible to combine traditional and modern sources for an individualized herbal prescription.
Chinese Herbal Medicine is based on the philosophy that restoring balance and normal functioning will both treat specific ailments and prevent other diseases developing.
Treatments do not just target the presenting signs & symptoms, but also incorporate the underlying condition and constitution, other health problems and the general state of health of mind & body. Generally, part of the prescription is specific for the disease being treated, while the rest of the herbs address the underlying causes that are specific to the person who has that disease.
Chinese medicines are mostly of plant origin: stems, twigs, bark, leaves, roots, flowers and fruits are used. A few minerals are used – for example, gypsum – and some animal products, such as cicada shells and oyster shell. The medicines can be taken in various forms, from infusions to decoctions, powders and pills or capsules to suit varying health requirements. I use powdered extracts for their convenience. Occasionally I give herbal pills. I also apply herbal liniments and plasters to support tuina and acupuncture treatments.
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Rare and endangered species: my policy
This practitioner does not use endangered species of animals. Even with plants, I will only use the rarer species when I know they have been imported with a license that guarantees they have not been sourced from the wild. Even then, I more often substitute another plant that has the same functions. I am committed to the conservation of natural resources, including wild plants and animals that have traditionally been used in Chinese medicine. I have published articles on the importance of conservation of these species in both professional and public journals. Fortunately, there are only a few threatened species that we really need and these can mostly be obtained from legitimate, cultivated sources. Also, the Chinese herbal pharmacopoeia is so astoundingly extensive that there are alternatives for almost all situations.
For further general information, you can visit the website of the Australian Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine Association: www.acupuncture.org.au
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Qigong as training
Qigong, which is pronounced like “chee goong”, literally means “qi training” or “qi accomplishment”. In older books, it is written Ch’i Gung, however this is just an alternative spelling for exactly the same sound in Mandarin. Qi (ch’i) is an ancient concept of subtle influences that pervade everything in the universe. In Chinese medicine, “qi” mostly denotes your physiological functioning. In qigong, it also has connotations of “vital energy” or “life force”.
There are many and varied kinds of training that come under the title of “Qigong” in China. Some are types of meditation; others involve physical exercise, which may be characterised by either soft, slow movements as in Taiji Quan (T’ai Chi Ch’uan) or by stances and hand positions that one holds for some time (used to gather qi), or deep relaxation exercises; while some styles of qigong also employ quite strenuous exercises.
Qigong as treatment
Qigong can also be used as a form of treatment, in two ways. Firstly, clients can be taught exercises to do, to promote their own health. The exercises restore balance and flow to the body’s qi, rehabilitate injured joints, revitalise tissues, calm the mind and emotions and have a demonstrated beneficial effect on organ functioning and circulatory health.
In the other kind of qigong therapy, the practitioner radiates qi from his or her own hands to the patient’s body, awakening the other person’s qi and setting it in motion. Some masters of qigong therapy can do extraordinary things with this method, such as stimulating spontaneous movements that are out of the patient’s control, but can be controlled by the practitioner, without touching. (I have witnessed several practitioners doing this with dramatic clinical results.)
The form in which I mostly employ qigong is a much less dramatic version of this latter: sending qi to the needles that have been inserted. This can often be quite clearly felt by the patient. It increases the stimulation of the body’s energy, but more comfortably than direct manipulation of the needles.
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Cupping, Spooning (Guasha) and liniments
Suction cups and guasha are adjunctive methods commonly used with acupuncture. In cupping, a specially made cup with a rounded edge (for comfort) is pressed onto the skin and the air partially removed from it so it sticks on. The cup draws blood to the surface and is said to draw out toxins and pathological “dampness”, also relaxing the muscles underneath. This can be used to loosen phlegm in the chest, or to ease abdominal discomfort, but is most often applied to sooth muscles and undo spasms. It has a long history in Europe as well as in China.
Guasha is a method of wiping a spoon or similar instrument along the grooves between muscles. It is traditionally used for heat stroke or fever as well as for sprains, such as torticollis or “wry neck”.
I also often apply Chinese liniments that contain special medicinal herbs for clearing bruising and promoting healing after injuries, as well as some herbal oils that help the tuina soothe the muscles, and sometimes plasters that can be left in place so that their active herbal constituents can continue to be absorbed after the treatment.
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Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has its own, ancient system of diagnosis, which is the basis of most of what I do, although in many circumstances I also take modern, anatomically based diagnosis into account to refine this (as do all practitioners of TCM today). Traditional Chinese diagnosis allows us to design a treatment that suits you, as a person, as well as addressing the nature of the condition causing your suffering. In essence, we treat you, the person, not the disease. Nonetheless, the diagnosis of the condition is precise.
Arriving at a diagnosis will entail questioning about both your symptoms and the history of your complaint. It may include some questions that are quite different from those a medical practitioner may have asked you – even odd things, such as whether you prefer hot drinks or cold. These are to establish what pattern of disharmony in your body underpins the disease afflicting you, or what is inhibiting your recovery from injury.
I will also take into account any biomedical information that is helpful, such as x-ray reports and so on.
I will make a Chinese style physical examination. This varies according to what kind of problem you present with.
For internal health problems, this may involve looking at your tongue; observing your complexion and skin texture; palpating your abdomen; listening to the sound of your voice, breathing, joints and so on; and feeling your pulse for subtle qualities such as “wiriness” or “sogginess” etc. (There are 28 specific qualities, only 4 of which relate to the speed, and 6 different positions to be compared.)
On the other hand, if you are here for acute musculoskeletal pain, it will be very like a physiotherapist’s examination. I will palpate your muscles and joints; look at your postural alignment, at which movements you can do normally and which not, which positions take away the pain and which make it worse, and so on. I may do specific tests to isolate the injured structure or tissue.
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Painful muscular and skeletal conditions (injuries, chronic strains, arthritis):
If you are in serious pain from injury – for example, with sciatica, a knee injury or a nasty neck pain – I will draw on diagnostic skills and specific tuina and acupuncture techniques aimed at resolving the cause of your pain. In TCM, we may interpret the cause of the pain differently from the medical interpretation, but it is not the case that we just try to take away the pain. We try to promote healing of the injury.
My diagnosis in this case will often include some anatomical and biomechanical analysis, somewhat similar to a physiotherapist’s diagnosis. Techniques can be highly specific to your condition. For example, some of the traditional tuina techniques I use for sciatica are similar in principle to the McKenzie’s method, used by many physiotherapists. They include specific low velocity mobilisation techniques to help restore healthy function to your discs. I work within the amount of movement that your body can do without resistance, so that no further damage is caused. (This is one of the areas I have taught to the Master of Acupuncture students at the University of Western Sydney in recent years.) I do not use high velocity thrust adjustments like those that chiropractors do.
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Traditionally, conditions such as these have been treated with both acupuncture and herbal medicine. There are specific herbs for bruising after injuries, as well as acupuncture techniques. Cold or discoloured hands and feet can be attributed to a number of quite different causes in Chinese medical theory, and these must be differentiated to come up with the most effective prescription.
There is also a range of very effective special massage techniques for lymph and venous drainage, which can be used together with acupuncture for enhancing circulation, especially lymph circulation.
To give an illustrative anecdote: in China, I have seen acupuncture work a dramatic change to the massive lymphoedema of the legs (“elephantiasis”) caused by a parasite in the family filarioidea. The standard treatment for this condition in modern biological medicine is to kill off the parasite. The drug used is so toxic that it is routine to prescribe prednisone at the same time to avoid death from anaphylaxis. Acupuncture, on the other hand, is used to restore the circulation of the lymph, and it does this so effectively that the immune system is usually then able to kill the parasites by itself. My teacher told me he had, himself, conducted a study that showed a 70% reduction of the juvenile form of the parasite in the blood after a short course of acupuncture, used alone.
In the case that I treated, this appeared to be happening. Both the fevers and rigors and the swelling reduced very rapidly over the first few days of treatment, and his next attack of fever was much milder and did not interrupt the progressive reduction of swelling.
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Chinese medicine and insomnia
There are three reasons many people choose Chinese medicine to deal with their insomnia: they don’t want strong drugs; they don’t want the hangover they sometimes get with them, and they want a treatment that is tailored to the cause of their own, individual insomnia.
With insomnia, Chinese medicine works quite differently from modern scientific medicine. We see the cause differently. Western medicine views the cause as chemicals doing the wrong thing in your brain, so it aims to directly inhibit the neurological process keeping you awake. Chinese medicine, on the other hand, regards the insomnia as being caused by something else in your body disturbing your consciousness. There may be either a deficiency underlying it, or an excess of what we (metaphorically) call “heat” disturbing your sleep. Then there will be another imbalance, elsewhere in your system, generating that heat or responsible for that deficiency.
So, the Chinese method is to diagnose what imbalance in your physiology is causing the insomnia, and then base most of the treatment on that. In a typical Chinese herbal formula for insomnia, two or three herbs out of about ten are gentle soporifics; the rest address how the rest of your body is affecting your sleep indirectly. Once you are successfully rebalanced, you can generally stop the herbs and still sleep.
Acupuncture also works this way. It does relax you and break the bad pattern of sleep, but also rebalances your physiology. That means we don’t use the same points for every kind of insomnia, but select them according to our diagnosis of the imbalance underlying the insomnia.
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Stress, anxiety, depression, panic attacks:
Acupuncture, correctly performed at the right points, can be deeply relaxing and calming. In other words, it can feel really nice! What it also does differently from other therapies is to address the energetic imbalance that keeps you in the state of anxiety. This requires correct diagnosis within the parameters of Chinese medicine. There are several possible patterns of disharmony that result in anxiety states.
If you are suffering from the effects of stress - for example, if you suffer anxiety or panic attacks - I might select very gentle acupuncture techniques, using exceptionally fine needles at powerfully relaxing acupuncture points, and then talk you through a meditation that takes you even deeper into relaxation, and that you can use by yourself again later. I can teach you some strategies and exercises that you can use to help yourself at home or in the work place.
In some cases, I may suggest that I also prescribe some Chinese herbal medicine for this. I need to be aware of any medication you are taking, however you don’t have to stop taking it before you see me. You should not come off these medicines without your doctor’s supervision.
This warrants more discussion, so ring up and make a booking.
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Irritable Bowel Syndrome or abdominal pain
A study in Australia in recent years found Chinese medicine to be useful in ABS. Anecdotally, acupuncturists also find acupuncture often clearly beneficial.
How I work
For IBS or other causes of abdominal pain, bloating etc, I vary the treatment according to your exact needs, which can be quite different from one person to another. The acupuncture I do includes a wide array of special techniques, each applicable in a particular situation. There are ways of applying the needles to release knots in the abdominal muscular wall, methods to increase peristalsis, specific techniques (as well as points) to get your bowels moving; I may treat the same points for diarrhoea as for constipation, but with a different technique. There are surprisingly gentle and painless needle techniques for the abdomen. Other important points for intestinal diseases are on the limbs and back.
I also make much use of very sensitive abdominal massage techniques to increase peristalsis and ease discomfort. (This is a speciality of mine.) I might choose the super-gentle techniques of Japanese Meridian Therapy, using unbelievably fine needles and very shallow insertion.
These conditions usually respond well to these kinds of acupuncture. When this is not enough, I use Chinese herbal medicine, always on the basis of TCM diagnosis. Chinese herbal medicine is great for digestive diseases.
Of course, I will want to know about any medical investigations you have had, so if you have any reports, bring them along.
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Vertigo, dizziness, tinnitus, ear problems:
In dizziness, headaches, tinnitus and other types of ear problems, Chinese medicine often perceives an interaction between a systemic cause, a local one (e.g. in the ear itself) and a component that comes from the neck. Thus, one part of my approach here includes gently and safely mobilising your neck and freeing up the neck muscles with tuina and acupuncture. (I won’t adjust – i.e., click – your neck.) This also involves treatment lower down the back and rib cage, to loosen the tensions that pull on your neck. I use acupuncture and tuina together to get optimal communication between your head and the rest of your body.
For pain or blockage in the ears, lymph drainage will be an important feature of the treatment, using both special massage techniques and acupuncture.
Another part of the treatment is directed at the internal or systemic aspect - an overall imbalance that underlies the condition and involves the meridians of acupuncture and the internal organs as well. This is always present in the TCM diagnosis of such conditions.