Chiropractic was founded in 1895, in the USA, by Daniel David Palmer but it is now a much more diverse therapy than its origins. It is based upon the understanding that good health is dependant upon a normally functioning nervous system, especially the spine and nerves extending from the spine to all parts of the body. Chiropractic Doctors or Chiropractors, may sometimes refer to a patient's subluxation, which is a misalignment of the spine that interferes with nerve signals transmitted by the brain.
Chiropractors examine the spine (after taking a case history) to ascertain any injuries, accidents or tension that may be causing irritation to the spinal nerve roots. By reducing or eliminating this irritation, the body will operate more efficiently and more comfortably. They may also refer a patient for x-rays, Massage or Physiotherapy if this is considered to be necessary.
There is an emphasis upon nutritional and exercise programmes, along with advice on lifestyle modifications, as Chiropractors believe that the body is a self regulating organism with an inborn potential to be healthy. Pharmaceutical medications are not prescribed.
Patients may need to be undressed for treatments by gentle manipulation or adjustment of the spine, which are usually performed on a special Chiropractic table. Length and frequency of treatments will vary from one practitioner to another and the degree of severity of the problem presented.