Viniyoga was created in the 1970’s by Sri. T. Krishnamacharya and this style of yoga focuses on the breath. The word "Viniyoga" actually refers to a concept that means "proper application based on the situation" and in the case of this style of yoga, it means that the yoga itself should be based on the needs of the individual and whatever their particular situation may be. In this way, Viniyoga is highly individual and therefore usually taught privately.
A Gentle Form of Yoga
Viniyoga is much gentler than Ashtanga or Power yoga, and it is not as structured as Iyengar yoga. This style of yoga uses Asanas (poses) as well as chanting, meditation, personal study, Pranayama (the breath) and Bandhas (body locks) amongst other methodologies. The practitioner will adapt the methodologies used to suit the needs of the particular student.
Why Viniyoga is Unique
Viniyoga is different to other forms of yoga in four main ways. Firstly, Viniyoga uses repetition into and out of postures. It also focuses on function rather than form. That is, it is more important that the pose creates the desired effect than being technically perfect. Thirdly, the breath is the medium for movement in the poses and the breath can be adapted in order to create the desired effect in the student. Finally, Viniyoga teachers use combinations of varying difficulties, lengths and intensities to suit their student.
Anyone Can Benefit
Because Viniyoga is such an adaptable form of yoga, almost anyone can benefit from it. It is not just for people that are ageing, sick or injured. It can be used by people of excellent health and fitness, and, indeed, anyone that is looking for a form of yoga that can be tailored to meet their individual needs.