What exactly are near death experiences. Are they spiritual experiences, or perhaps hallucinations? Could they be simply be chemical changes that occur within the brain in the moments prior to death? According to the Cambridge dictionary, a near death experience is an ‘experience described by some people who have been close to death, in which the person feels as if they have left their body and are watching themselves from above.’
Dr Raymond Moody
The term ‘near death experience’, was coined in 1975 by Dr Raymond Moody. However, there are been reports of near death experiences throughout history dating as far back as early Greek and Roman civilization and is described as any experience in which someone who may be close to death, might perceive events that may seem unusual or supernatural. Some people reported sensations of traveling in a dark tunnel, while others reported meetings with bright beings of light or deceased relatives and friends.
Theories in Death & Dying
Further research into near death experiences done by Dr Moody found that suspected physiological and psychological causes for near death experiences such as lack of oxygen to the brain and excess CO2, the influence of medications, could not sufficiently account for the explanations of people’s experiences and perceptions. Elisabeth Kubler Ross has supported the findings that there is a connection between their experience and a belief in spiritual explanation. Elisabeth Kubler Ross pioneered the study and theories in death and dying.
Understandably, near death experiences are under constant debate. Church leaders and researchers of near death experiences are divided in their thinking. Some consider near death experiences to coincide with medical theories, while others argue it’s paranormal theories.