Dementia is mental deterioration due to physical changes in the brain. Those affected have impaired thinking, reasoning and memory and this may lead to the person being unable to function normally in their daily life. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease; however, it may also result from brain injuries, strokes, medical conditions, and infection of the brain, among other causes. Treatment for dementia includes treating the underlying condition where applicable, Ayurveda, homoeopathy, herbal medicine, vitamin supplements, music therapy, acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine.