What is neurofeedback therapy?
Neurofeedback therapy is a treatment method that uses a sound-based biofeedback technology to help retrain the brain to self-regulate and function optimally. The computer-based program uses sound or visual signals to retrain or reorganize these brain signals. By responding to this process, the clients then learn to regulate and improve their brain function and to help alleviate the symptoms related to various neurological and mental health disorders.
During a neurofeedback therapy session, the patient wears special headphones and listens to the music of their liking. Sensors are used to measure brainwave activity with the aim of detecting any electromagnetic "turbulence". When this "turbulent" processing occurs, the music that the patient is listening to will step and the brain learns to auto-correct its processing function in an effort to maintain the music’s continuity. Aside from listening to music, there are other ways of receiving this feedback such as playing a game or watching a video.
What is neurofeedback therapy used for?
Neurofeedback sessions use the Alpha, Beta, Delta, Theta, and sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) brainwaves in retraining the brain’s ability of operating at it most efficient levels.
Neurofeedback therapy is not considered a cure for disorders but rather a method of regulating or managing the workings of the brain to function in a healthier manner. This is then achieved by undergoing repeated training sessions using a computerized neurofeedback program that teaches the central nervous system to reorganize and regulate the brainwave frequencies.
Neurofeedback therapy helps in assessing the brain and provides relevant information about the areas of dysfunction that are causing symptoms so that they can be directly treated. Various neurofeedback therapy methods and equipment are used for different types of neurological problems.
Health benefits of neurofeedback
The following are some medical conditions that can be addressed by neurofeedback therapy:
- seizure conditions
- behavior disorders
- attention deficit disorder (ADD or ADHD)
- ongoing developmental delays
- acquired brain injuries
- birth trauma
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- stress-related problems
- interrupted sleep patterns
- age-related cognitive loss
Neurofeedback may also be used as a complement to other forms of therapy.