Psychologists are certified professionals who study human behaviour and mental processes by observing, recording, and interpreting how people relate to each other and the environment. They seek to understand and explain thoughts, feelings, emotions, and behaviour. They use different techniques, depending on the topic of study, to develop theories regarding the feelings and beliefs that affect a person’s actions. Some of these techniques include observation, assessment, and experimentation. Oftentimes, they gather information and evaluate behavior through experiments, psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. They may also administer personality, aptitude, intelligence, or performance tests. They use these information whenever they test theories in their research or when treating patients.
There are significant differences between psychologists and psychiatrists despite both can conduct research and psychotherapy.
The first difference is in education. Psychologists have their degrees (masters or doctorate) in psychology. Whereas, psychiatrists have their degrees in medicine, and they are medical doctors. The second difference is that psychologists cannot prescribe medication while psychiatrists can.
Qualified psychologists can provide emotional support to help a person overcome any personal or professional issues. Regardless of the issues that need to be addressed, psychologists can provide support, advice, and strategies. Based on the issues that are being dealt, a specific type of psychologist is recommended based to help the person during their treatment.
Below is a list of the types of psychologists available based on their specialization and expertise:
Each area of psychology serves different purposes. Below is a list of some areas of psychology that are available:
Mental health is often left unchecked. When a person’s mental health begins to feel uneasy, it could be a sign that it’s time to see a psychologist. Consulting with a psychologist offers several benefits which include:
In addition, the following are some common reasons that people consult with a psychologist: