What does a psychologist do?

Psychologists are certified professionals who study human behaviour and mental processes by observing, recording, and interpreting how people relate to each other and the environment. They seek to understand and explain thoughts, feelings, emotions, and behaviour. They use different techniques, depending on the topic of study, to develop theories regarding the feelings and beliefs that affect a person’s actions. Some of these techniques include observation, assessment, and experimentation. Oftentimes, they gather information and evaluate behavior through experiments, psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. They may also administer personality, aptitude, intelligence, or performance tests. They use these information whenever they test theories in their research or when treating patients.

What Does a Psychologist Do?

What are the differences between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

There are significant differences between psychologists and psychiatrists despite both can conduct research and psychotherapy.

The first difference is in education. Psychologists have their degrees (masters or doctorate) in psychology. Whereas, psychiatrists have their degrees in medicine, and they are medical doctors. The second difference is that psychologists cannot prescribe medication while psychiatrists can.

Types of psychologists and what they do

Qualified psychologists can provide emotional support to help a person overcome any personal or professional issues. Regardless of the issues that need to be addressed, psychologists can provide support, advice, and strategies. Based on the issues that are being dealt, a specific type of psychologist is recommended based to help the person during their treatment.

Below is a list of the types of psychologists available based on their specialization and expertise:

  • Applied Behavior Analyst
  • Child Psychologist
  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Community Psychologist
  • Consumer Psychologist
  • Developmental Psychologist
  • Educational Psychologist
  • Engineering Psychologist
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Geropsychologist
  • Health Psychologist
  • Industrial or Organizational Psychologist
  • Media Psychologist
  • Military Psychologist
  • Neuropsychologist
  • Rehabilitation Psychologist
  • School Psychologist
  • Social Psychologist
  • Spiritual Psychologist
  • Sport Psychologist
  • Transpersonal Psychologist

Areas of psychology

Each area of psychology serves different purposes. Below is a list of some areas of psychology that are available:

  • Clinical Neuropsychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Community Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational and Developmental Psychology
  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Occupational Psychology
  • Organisational Psychology
  • Social psychology
  • Sports and Exercise psychology

Benefits of seeing a psychologist

Mental health is often left unchecked. When a person’s mental health begins to feel uneasy, it could be a sign that it’s time to see a psychologist. Consulting with a psychologist offers several benefits which include:

  • They are unbiased
  • They can offer a fresh perspective
  • They can make a person feel not alone
  • They can help rewire the brain
  • They can help prevent burnouts
  • They can help set new goals
  • They can help with the physical health

In addition, the following are some common reasons that people consult with a psychologist:

  • Grief and loss
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Depression
  • Phobias
  • Insomnia rooted from psychological factors
  • Family and relationship issues
  • Unhealthy habits and addictions
  • Performance enhancement
  • Mental clarity
  • Mental disorders