Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

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What is cognitive behaviour therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural therapy (CBT) is an approach to psychotherapy that aims to address dysfunctional emotions, behaviours and thoughts to boost happiness. Its main goal is to create changes on the patterns of thinking or behavior that are causes of people’s difficulties, and change the way they are feeling. CBT works by changing people’s attitudes and behaviors by focusing on the person’s cognitive processes such as thoughts, beliefs, images, and attitudes and how these processes can relate to how a person is behaving, as a way of dealing with emotional problems.

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy & How It Works?

How does cognitive behavioural therapy work?

In CBT, patients learn to identify, question, and make changes on the thoughts, attitudes, and beliefs that are related to the emotional and behavioural reactions that are causing them difficulty.

By observing and recording thoughts during these upsetting situations, the clients can learn on how they think can contribute to emotional problems such as anxiety and depression. CBT helps clients to reduce these emotional problems by teaching them to:

  • observe and identify distortions in their thinking
  • view thoughts as ideas on what is going on, rather than as facts
  • stand back from their thinking and start considering situations from different perspectives

Benefits of cognitive behavioural therapy

People having particular emotional problems can benefit from CBT because it works through these issues by having a specific focus and goals. CBT is a very useful tool in addressing emotional challenges such as

  • Managing symptoms of mental illness
  • Preventing a relapse of mental illness symptoms
  • Treating a mental illness when medications are not a good option
  • Learning coping techniques with various stressful life situations
  • Identifying ways to manage emotions
  • Resolving relationship conflicts and learn better ways to communicate
  • Coping with grief or loss
  • Overcoming emotional trauma related to abuse or violence
  • Coping with a medical illness
  • Managing chronic physical symptoms

CBT is deemed to be an effective therapy for the following problems:

  • anger issues
  • anxiety and panic attacks
  • child and adolescent problems
  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • chronic pain
  • depression
  • drug or alcohol problems or abuse 
  • eating disorders
  • general health problems
  • habits, such as facial tics
  • mood swings
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • phobias
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • schizophrenia
  • sexual and relationship problems
  • sleep disorders
  • substance use disorders

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