What is physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy is a form of therapy that primarily concerned with the improvement of a person’s mobility and their quality of life. It also helps restore a person’s movement and function after getting affected by injury, illness or disability. In addition, it also helps in reducing the risk of illness or injury in the future.
What is physiotherapy used for?
Physiotherapy can be performed for people of all ages and is helpful with various health conditions affecting the following:
- bones, joints and soft tissue – such as neck pain, back pain, shoulder pain and sports related injuries
- brain or nervous system – such as movement problems resulting from a multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke, or Parkinson's disease
- heart and blood circulation – such as rehabilitation after having a heart attack
- lungs and breathing – such as cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
In addition, physiotherapy can be useful in improving physical activity while helping prevent future injuries.
What does a physiotherapist do?
The main role of a physiotherapist is to evaluate the patient’s condition and to determine the underlying causes of the pain. They also provide advice to patients on how to manage their condition and show them ways to prevent any further pain or injury in the future.
Psychotherapists use some of the following approaches during a treatment:
- education and advice - they offer general advice on the things that can affect people’s daily lives such as body posture, correct and proper lifting or carrying techniques that can help prevent injuries
- movement, tailored exercise and physical activity advice - they recommend various exercises that can help improve general health and mobility, and strengthen specific parts of the body
- manual therapy - they use their hands to encourage better movement of the body, and relieve pain and stiffness
Health benefits of physiotherapy
People of all ages – from newborns to the elderly – can receive the benefits of physiotherapy and it has become instrumental in the management of some conditions:
- back and neck pain
- muscle pain and sports related injuries
- neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease or stroke
- rehabilitation after getting into major accidents or injuries
- recovery after surgery or childbirth
- the management and prevention of various chronic conditions like asthma, arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)