Exercise physiology is the study of the responses of the human body to physical activity or exercise. These responses include changes in physiology and in the metabolism of different parts of the body such as the lungs, heart, and muscles. It also studies the structural changes in the cells. The goal of exercise physiology is to manage and prevent and injuries and chronic diseases, through exercise, lifestyle changes, and behaviour modification.
There are two types of exercise physiology: sport and clinical. Sport exercise physiology is related to athletes. Sport physiologists use the knowledge of the body’s response to exercise to develop training regimens specifically designed for athletes. Clinical exercise physiology, on the other hand, is the use of physical activity for therapy, treatment, and prevention of chronic disorders or illnesses.
Exercise Physiologist (EP) is an exercise specialist who is able to study, design, and deliver exercise programs to satisfy and fulfill the needs of the client. The aim is to improve the clients’ strength, range of motion, and functional capacity.
EPs has several specializations which include:
Additionally, they are trained in:
EPs can treat and manage the following commonly preventable health conditions:
Exercise physiology is beneficial to people with: