Australia's #1 Natural Health Site

Search 2980 Articles

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Table

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Table

What is Glycemic Index & Glycemic Load?

The glycemic index is a numerical value placed on foods in order to measure the impact it has on your blood sugar level. In other words, how quickly or slowly it raises it.

On the other hand, the glycemic load measures how high your blood sugar could go when you eat an actual serving of food. One unit of glycemic load approximates the effect of consuming one gram of glucose.

To help you understand how the foods you are eating might impact your blood glucose level, here is a listing of the glycemic index and glycemic load, per serving, for some foods.

Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Table

FOOD Glycemic index (glucose = 100) Serving size (grams) Glycemic load per serving
BAKERY PRODUCTS AND BREADS      
Banana cake, made with sugar 47 60 14
Banana cake, made without sugar 55 60 12
Sponge cake, plain 46 63 17
Vanilla cake made from packet mix with vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker) 42 111 24
Apple muffin, made with rolled oats and sugar 44 60 13
Apple muffin, made with rolled oats and without sugar 48 60 9
Waffles, Aunt Jemima® 76 35 10
Bagel, white, frozen 72 70 25
Baguette, white, plain 95 30 14
Coarse barley bread, 80% kernels 34 30 7
Hamburger bun 61 30 9
Kaiser roll 73 30 12
Pumpernickel bread 56 30 7
50% cracked wheat kernel bread 58 30 12
White wheat flour bread, average 75 30 11
Wonder® bread, average 73 30 10
Whole wheat bread, average 69 30 9
100% Whole Grain® bread (Natural Ovens) 51 30 7
Pita bread, white 68 30 10
Corn tortilla 52 50 12
Wheat tortilla 30 50 8
BEVERAGES      
Coca Cola® (US formula) 63 250 mL 16
Fanta®, orange soft drink 68 250 mL 23
Lucozade®, original (sparkling glucose drink) 95 250 mL 40
Apple juice, unsweetened, 41 250 mL 12
Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray®) 68 250 mL 24
Gatorade, orange flavor (US formula) 89 250 mL 13
Orange juice, unsweetened, average 50 250 mL 12
Tomato juice, canned, no sugar added 38 250 mL 4
GRAINS      
Pearled barley, average 25 150 11
Sweet corn on the cob 48 60 14
Couscous 65 150 9
Quinoa 53 150 13
White rice, average 73 150 43
Quick cooking white basmati 63 150 26
Brown rice, average 68 150 16
Parboiled Converted white rice (Uncle Ben's®) 38 150 14
Whole wheat kernels, average 45 50 15
Bulgur, average 47 150 12
COOKIES AND CRACKERS      
Graham crackers 74 25 13
Vanilla wafers 77 25 14
Shortbread 64 25 10
Rice cakes, average 82 25 17
Rye crisps, average 64 25 11
Soda crackers 74 25 12
DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES      
Ice cream, regular, average 62 50 8
Ice cream, premium (Sara Lee®) 38 50 3
Milk, full-fat, average 31 250 mL 4
Milk, skim, average 31 250 mL 4
Reduced-fat yogurt with fruit, average 33 200 11
FRUITS      
Apple, average 36 120 5
Banana, raw, average 48 120 11
Dates, dried, average 42 60 18
Grapefruit 25 120 3
Grapes, black 59 120 11
Oranges, raw, average 45 120 45
Peach, average 42 120 5
Watermelon 72 120 4
BEANS AND NUTS      
Baked beans 40 150 6
Black-eyed peas 50 150 15
Black beans 30 150 7
Chickpeas 10 150 3
Chickpeas, canned in brine 42 150 9
Navy beans, average 39 150 12
Kidney beans, average 34 150 9
Lentils 28 150 5
Soy beans, average 15 150 1
Cashews, salted 22 50 3
Peanuts 13 50 1
PASTA and NOODLES      
Fettucini 32 180 15
Macaroni, average 50 180 24
Macaroni and Cheese (Kraft®) 64 180 33
Spaghetti, white, boiled, average 46 180 22
Spaghetti, white, boiled 20 min 58 180 26
Spaghetti, whole-grain, boiled 42 180 17
SNACK FOODS      
Corn chips, plain, salted, average 42 50 11
Fruit Roll-Ups® 99 30 24
M & M's®, peanut 33 30 6
Microwave popcorn, plain, average 55 20 7
Potato chips, average 56 50 12
Pretzels, oven-baked 83 30 16
Snickers Bar® 51 60 18
VEGETABLES      
Green peas 54 80 4
Carrots, average 39 80 2
Parsnips 52 80 4
Baked russet potato 111 150 33
Boiled white potato, average 82 150 21
Instant mashed potato, average 87 150 17
Sweet potato, average 70 150 22
Yam, average 54 150 20
MISCELLANEOUS      
Hummus (chickpea salad dip) 6 30 0
Chicken nuggets, frozen, reheated in microwave oven 5 min 46 100 7
Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce 80 100 22
Pizza, Super Supreme (Pizza Hut®) 36 100 9
Honey, average 61 25 12
Adapted from Health Harvard

Nutrition experts believe that people with diabetes should pay attention to both the glycemic index and glycemic load to avoid sudden spikes in blood sugar. However, The American Diabetes Association says that the total amount of carbohydrate in a food, rather than its glycemic index or load, is a stronger predictor of what will happen to blood sugar. While some dietitians also feel that focusing on the glycemic index and load adds an unneeded layer of complexity to choosing what to eat.

But to make it a bit simpler, following the principles of low-glycemic-index eating will be very beneficial for people with diabetes. And maintaining a healthy weight is more important for your blood sugar and your overall health.

Do you have a passion for Nutrition? Would you love to turn your passion for Nutrition into a rewarding career?

Check out the information we have available on what the Nutrition course involves and thousands of other Natural Therapy Courses we have available online and throughout Australia. Why not let us help you find the right course for you today on 1300 924 960

Topic: Nutrition, Diabetes

International Institute of Kinesiology Australia

International Institute of Kinesiology Australia

Optimum Wellness Through Mind Body Medicine. Specialised Kinesiology Kinesiopractic® Care Neu...

02 4648 0515

0438 256 748

By International Institute of Kinesiology Australia

Lynshiels

Lynshiels

Call NOW for an appointment. First 50 callers will receive 25% discount on initial consultation fe...

0414 619 364

By Lynshiels

Sydney Health Professionals - Osteopathy

Sydney Health Professionals - Osteopathy

Sydney Osteopathic Specialists

1300 067 840

By Sydney Health Professionals

Surfside Health - Clinical Nutritional

Surfside Health - Clinical Nutritional

For all of your professional Nutritional Consultation and Treatment services in the greater Wollongo...

0438 222 032

By Surfside Health

About Wholistic Therapies Pty. Ltd.

About Wholistic Therapies Pty. Ltd.

Wholistic Therapies offers: Chiropractic & Osteopathy, Naturopathy & Herbalism, Neuro-Emotional Ther...

02 9875 4111

0418 263 391

By Wholistic Therapies Pty. Ltd.

Featured Articles